Gill Disease


Gill disease make the fish appear to be swimming in a great hurry, but it does not move at all. The fins flap very fast, and the fish gasp for breath at the surface, or lie listless at the bottom. The gills can become swollen and discolored or may become covered in mucus. Bacteria, fungi and parasites in water can cause gill disease.

Cause: The disease can be caused by bacteria, fungi, or parasites infections. Poor water quality is likely to be a contributory factor. Carrier fish can be considered as another source for the infection.

Treatment: The first step in the treatment is therefore an immediate improvement in water quality. Frequent water changes, conditioning and dechlorinating the water to ensure its quality are steps to take to threat and prevent gill disease. The chlorine in water often irritates the gills of the fish.

Check ammonia and pH levels regularly during treatment of gill disease. Carry out frequent partial water changes as required.

Adding an anti-bacterial solution to the water may be needed to cure the fish. If gill parasites are suspected, it may be necessary to treat with formalin or copper based medications.


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